More About Articles

Click tabs on this guide for more.

Scholarly vs. Popular Periodicals

This 3-minute video was created by Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee.

Types of Periodicals

What is the difference between articles in Time magazine and The Journal of Studies on Alcohol? Why use scholarly journals for your research papers? This chart helps you observe the differences.

Scholarly journals

  • Who is intended audience? Scholars, researchers, professionals
  • Are sources cited? Yes
  • Who wrote the articles?  Scholars and researchers
  • Type of advertising: None, or for professional events (academic conferences, university-published books)
  • Level of analysis: High
  • Who is the publisher? Professional organizations, usually
  • Other traits: Reports original research
  • Examples:  Journal of Marriage and Family, Journal of Studies on Alcohol.

Popular Periodicals:

News magazines & newspapers

  • Who is intended audience? General audience
  • Are sources cited? No
  • Who wrote the articles?  Staff writers, freelance writers or scholars
  • Type of advertising: Variety of general-interest products (clothes, cars, food, etc.)
  • Level of analysis: Low to medium; depends on the article
  • Who is the publisher? For-profit businesses, primarily
  • Other traits:  Often entertainment-oriented; covers very current events
  • Examples:  New York Times, Wall Street Journal, Time, Maclean's, U.S. News & World Report.  

Popular magazines

  • Who is intended audience? General audience
  • Are sources cited? Rarely
  • Who wrote the articles?  Staff writers, freelance writers
  • Type of advertising: Variety of general-interest products (clothes, cars, food, etc.)
  • Level of analysis: Low; can be sensational or superficial
  • Who is the publisher? For-profit businesses
  • Other traits: Good introduction to a current topic or current events
  • Examples: Glamour, People, Sport Illustrated.

Trade magazines

  • Who is intended audience?  Professionals or specialists; uses technical jargon
  • Are sources cited? No
  • Who wrote the articles?  Editorial staff, freelance writers
  • Type of advertising:  Industry-specific products, usually
  • Level of analysis: Medium
  • Who is the publisher? Trade or professional association or businesses
  • Other traits: Covers news & trends in a specific industry
  • Examples: Beverage World, Progressive  Grocer, Modern Tire Dealer, American Libraries.

Opinion Periodicals

  • Who is intended audience?  Educated general audience
  • Are sources cited? No
  • Who wrote the articles?  Editorial staff, freelance writers
  • Type of advertising:  Variety of products
  • Level of analysis: Medium; opinions, commentary, etc.
  • Who is the publisher? Businesses, usually
  • Other traits: Could be helpful in pro/con arguments
  • Examples:  Nation, Commentary, New Republic, National Review.

Scholarly journals may also be called peer reviewed or refereed journals. This indicates that a panel of experts reviewed the article manuscripts thoroughly before they were published. If other researchers based their work on faulty original research, bad research would spread quickly!

Some publications could fit in more than one category. For instance: Scientific American is a scholarly journal with scientific but readable articles. It has a suggested reading list, but does not actually cite its sources. When in doubt, ask your instructor if certain articles are suitable for your research paper.

For help with citing articles, visit the college’s Center for Reading and Writing on the main floor of the library for personalized assistance in organizing and writing your paper and bibliography.

What About Google Scholar?

Google Scholar is essentially a large listing of articles, with some duplication. Few articles are full-text in Google Scholar itself. (Those would come from free journal websites.) Google Scholar searches with a looser "keyword" method, not subject headings. If you have tried other databases with little success and have consulted with a librarian for search tips, Google Scholar could be useful for those "needle in a haystack" topics.

Here's a catch: Google Scholar will easily link you to full-text articles in the SUNY Adirondack Library's databases if you are using an on-campus computer to search. (Google Scholar uses IP address based authentication to know which databases are available to the searcher.) After you do a search with an on-campus computer and review the citations, click the three-bar dropdown menu on the top left > Settings > Library Links > type in SUNY Adirondack > add check mark > Save. Your searches will include full-text results from SUNY Adirondack Library databases.

Open Access Journals

Open access journals are meant to freely share high-quality, credible academic research on the web. They are usually run by universities. The DOAJ "is an online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals," according to their website. 

Citation Chasing

Save time by looking up the citations that scholarly sources provide!

Reading Citations

This video explains how to read a citation to see if it is a book or an article. It was produced by librarians at Cornell University.